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SCIENTIFIC WORKINGS OUT TECHNOLOGY

Introduction

The work of "Nanoamorph Technology" CJSC is mainly concerned with the development of new technologies in the field of non-equilibrium processes and the creation of new nanosize amorphous metals (not alloys).

The work of our scientists as well as other researchers in Moscow in the early seventies (Institute of Physical Chemistry) and later in Yerevan (Institute of Chemical Physics of Armenia) has shown that the same amount of energy given to the same molecule to carry out the same reaction leads to different results depending on the degree of freedom of the molecule absorbing the energy. If all the energy is absorbed on the vibrationally excited state the rate of the reaction can reach up to 10 times the rate in the case where this energy is being passed to translational degrees of freedom (i.e. as heat). It was also ascertained that the quantum energy of vibrationally excited molecules is much more effective than ordinary thermal heating of the same molecule in order to overcome the activation barrier of chemical interaction.

Thus, the task was reduced to the creation of a method of excitement of vibrational levels of molecules. The problem was commonly solved by optical pumping for molecules with their own dipole moment (such as CO, C02, NO, N02, HCI,
etc.). However, most commonly used homonuclear molecules such as H2, N2, 02, as well as CH4, C2H2, C6H6, etc., which do not have a dipole moment, could not be excited by such a method. For the same reason of absence of appropriate optical passages, the optical methods of detection cannot be used for determination of a magnitude of the excitement energy of molecules.

QUANTUM-CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY

"Quantum-Chemical Technology" (QCT) refers to the new non-equilibrium technology for obtaining non-equilibrium vibrationally excited hydrogen molecules with internal energy of as high as 2.5 eV (which is equivalent to equilibrium temperature of more than 18000 °C) when translational energy of molecules is equivalent to the range of 18-30 °C. This is a new field in chemical technology similar to plasma technology, but distinguished from it by the fact that plasma chemistry utilizes temperatures as high as 5000 °C for molecular excitement, while in QCT active molecules have only inner energy of excitement but in fact are cold. Thus, while plasma chemical processes are high temperature equilibrium ones, OCT worked out by us is a strictly non-equilibrium process carried out solely at the expense of inner energy of excitement of molecules taking part in transformations. This unique field of high technology is our exclusive creation at "Nanoamorph Technology╦« CJSC. QCT is the subject of 12 patents received from the former USSR, Russia, PCT, and Armenia.

RESEARCH METHODS

New mass-spectrometer installations and new detection methods of the value of inner energy of vibrational excitement, including that of homonuclear molecules, have been created by the scientists of "Nanoamorph Technology" CJSC. The development of new methods of observation and measurement of this excitement for the first time has allowed to create new synthesis methods of vibrationally excited molecules. High intensity beams of such highly chemically reactive highly excited molecules have been created. Optimal concentration parameters of vibrationally excited molecules have been determined at different magnitudes of excitement.

The developed setups and methods of measurement of excitement levels have enabled to quantify the lifetime of vibrational excitement in the molecular beams of excited molecules. For example, the lifetime of an excited (5"'-6"' vibrational levels) hydrogen molecule has been no less than 10
-5 .. seconds, which exceeded the ordinary lifetimes of electronically excited molecules obtained by direct optical pumping minimum by 4 orders of magnitude. This lifetime is sufficient for different applied tasks of non-elastic physical transformation in real conditions even at pressures as low as 10-4 .. Torr.